Earth’s Carbon Cycle Is Affected By the Melting Ice Sheets
Science Top Stories

Earth’s Carbon Cycle Is Affected By the Melting Ice Sheets

The carbon cycle on Earth is having a hard time managing the greenhouse gas content of our atmosphere. The climate change is turning out be difficult to handle and proving dangerous for human well-being. Our Earth has 10% of the land surface covered with ice sheets and past 20 Years most of it is frozen wastelands which has no life forms and only dormant chemical weathering irrespective of the carbon cycle. According to the University of Bristol’ School of Geographical Sciences and Cabot Institute for the Environment Professor Jemma Wadham, the frozen wastelands should no longer be considered as frozen and submissive parts of Earth’s carbon cycle. The unique conditions below the sheets make them necessary for Earth’s carbon cycle and useful for human survival.

The liquid water below the ice sheets have microbes thriving despite the inhospitable conditions. The microbes adapted to conditions can increase nutrient release, process ground rocks, and glacial meltwaters can export to the oceans. The nutrient helps fishes and other marine lives to take up carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. The melting of the ice sheets releases organic carbon just like 20,000 billion tones of organic carbon that is released by the Antarctic Ice Sheet. The carbon is also converted to methane gas in some cases. The phytoplankton on the surface waters is also encouraged by the carbon and nutrient levels.

Thus, the final outcome is that the discovery of the viable life forms on the frozen wastelands provides humans another property to explore and look for various new accessibilities to exploit for human benefits such as mining, food sources, habitation, and more. The researchers intend to launch a program to start the investigation of the ice sheets. Likewise, the researchers from Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have recently created a process wherein the carbon dioxide along with hydrogen gas is changed directly into graphene at 1000° Celsius using catalytically active metal surfaces. This photosynthesis inspired conversion can help develop graphene that has many applications in electronics and materials science due to its high electrical conductivity, lightweight, and high strength.

Norma Walker
Author Details
SR. CONTENT WRITER At Electronics Industry Reports

Norma Walker is one of the senior staff members at Electronics Industry Reports news portal with the total experience of 7 years. She has been working for the news portal from the past 3 years. At present, she has been holding the position of Sr. Content Writer. All the concepts related to science and space is on her fingertips, and the way she expresses her thoughts on a paper is marvelous. These two qualities encouraged her to continue her career in the content field. Previously, she worked as Editor for a textbook-publishing firm. She accomplished her Post-Graduation in Astrophysics from one of the top universities in the UK.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *